Monday, March 28, 2016

“War Criminal” Sentenced: Other War Criminals Still Free and in Positions of Power

“A UN war crimes court convicted former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic of genocide and nine other charges Thursday for orchestrating a campaign of terror that left 100,000 people dead during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia, the worst carnage in Europe since World War II....”
“Although 20 years in coming, the trial is hugely significant for the development of international law. Karadzic's conviction will likely strengthen international jurisprudence on the criminal responsibility of political leaders for atrocities committed by forces under their control....”
“The verdict and sentence were met with expressions of relief and satisfaction from Bosnian Muslims and anger by Serb nationalists, thousands of whom took to the streets of the Serbian capital, Belgrade, to protest....”
The Associated Press Posted: Mar 24, 2016 11:03 AM ET Last Updated: Mar 25, 2016 11:42 AM ET

 There are other powerful war criminals running free today and there is no attempt to arrest them. Has the system failed, or has it become so corrupt that there are those in positions of power that are untouchable? Therefore, the question must be asked: “Will Nobody Arrest the War Criminals? Or Are Gangsters in Control?”

Based on multiple sources of evidence, one could come to the conclusion that gangsters are in control. You can see them preening and posturing on the world stage, impeccably dressed, feted and acclaimed by some of their partners in crime, and lauded as “statesmen” and as “eminent persons.” They give speeches at thousands of dollars a speech to some of those who have profited from their decisions. Some of them even write books on their roles in corrupting the world, only they don’t use the word corrupting. They use words like “bringing democracy” and “responsibility to protect.” I believe it is the people everywhere who need protection from these international gangsters who start wars based on lies and cause death and destruction world wide. These are the “respectable” war criminals too big to jail, too big too prosecute, and too powerful to arrest because they run and control the system called “democracy.” They could be called, “The International Community of Gangsters.”

This “respectable” gangsterism has contaminated the world of today. Weapons are sold to despots and dictators. These weapons are used on civilian populations. Governments in concert with dictators are partners in crimes against humanity. Multi-national corporations are profiting from all this bloodshed and the financiers of death and destruction also profit from all this bloody carnage. Countries are destroyed and reduced to smoking rubble and the perpetrators pretend they are practitioners of the “rule of law.”
Meanwhile the propagandized corporate monopoly media covers up the enormity of their crimes, and they are also complicit by their silence. I believe what we are seeing is “The Embodiment of Evil.”

This evil has no conscience, no morals, no principles and no ethics. The slaughtered, maimed and contaminated children of Iraq, Gaza, Libya, Syria, Yemen and many other countries cry out for justice, as do their parents and the dead sacrificed on the altars of maniacal militarism. Their cries go unheeded by those in power, and this hellish slaughter by hypocrites from hell continues. There is an urgent need for present day Nuremberg Trials.

“The Nuremberg trials were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for crimes they had committed during World War II.”

The wars conducted today by war criminals in positions of power will go on and on, unless these evil beings are brought to justice for their planned illegal invasions and regime-change agendas.

“Silence in the face of evil is itself evil: God will not hold us guiltless. Not to speak is to speak. Not to act is to act.”  - Dietrich Bonhoeffer

They are literally getting away with “legalized” murder. They are the war criminals of the 21st century who continue to perpetrate war crimes and they are FREE!

“Most war crimes fall into one of three categories: crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and traditional war crimes. Crimes against peace include the planning, commencement, and waging of aggressive war, or war in violation of international agreements. Aggressive war is broadly defined to include any hostile military act that disregards the territorial boundaries of another country, disrespects the political independence of another regime, or otherwise interferes with the sovereignty of an internationally recognized state....”

Stephen J. Gray
March 28, 2016.

Links of interest below:

“The destruction we have helped do to Yemen would be a war crime under rules America used at the Nuremberg Trials.” Jon Basil Utley, March 24, 2016.
“The Saudi-led coalition fighting in Yemen may be responsible for "international crimes", a category that includes war crimes and crimes against humanity, the top U.N. human rights official said on Friday....”-Stephanie Nebehay and Angus McDowall, March 18, 2016.

“A strange aspect of these conflicts is that Western leaders have never had to pay any political price for their role in initiating them or pursuing policies that effectively stoke the violence. Isis is a growing power in Libya, something that would not have happened had David Cameron and Nicolas Sarkozy not helped destroy the Libyan state by overthrowing Gaddafi in 2011. Al-Qaeda is expanding in Yemen, where Western leaders have given a free pass to Saudi Arabia to launch a bombing campaign that has wrecked the country.” Patrick Cockburn, March 20,2016.

“What a future? What a life. – Add to these 3 million from Syria alone the uncounted children from Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Afghanistan, Palestine, Somalia, Sudan, Pakistan – and the list goes on. All of these children were made homeless and refugees and many also orphans through wars and armed conflicts started by the US and its western ‘allies’”
Peter Koenig, March 21, 2016.

Monday, March 21, 2016

They Talk About Law and Order

They talk about law and order, and the rule of law too
These evil, lying, war criminals that rule over me and you
They wear expensive suits and live a life of ease
They destroy many other lives in countries across the seas

They have not been held to account for all their evil depredations
The invasions, the bombings, the killings, and destruction in many nations
They and their lackeys are the powerful gangsters of the earth
Some have fancy “honourable” titles. Was hell their place of birth?

Are they helpers of the devil and satanic followers too?
Are they responsible for a number of hellish coups?
Did atrocities follow, from what they plotted and planned?
Is hell upon earth the result, of their “work,” in many lands?

These lands are now soaked in blood, and killings occur daily
Those still alive no longer live or even survive; safely
Is this what happens when fiends get into power?
Will the gates of hell open up more, and release another demonic shower?

Have they corrupted and slaughtered any hopes for peace?
Do they live off bloody profits and wars that never cease?
Are they the corporate cannibals and bloody governments too?
Who speak about law and order, but are they really a hellish crew?

Who or what can remove them from their seats of power?
Has justice and truth been slain? Or does it just cower?
Do criminals rule unpunished and protected by brigands?
Has law and order been silenced, is this where evil stands?

“Silence in the face of evil is itself evil: God will not hold us guiltless. Not to speak is to speak. Not to act is to act.”  - Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Stephen J. Gray
March 21, 2016.

Links of interest below:

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Nonsenseland Gets a New Leader and Other News

A new leader had been voted into power in Nonsenseland. The old leader was voted out of office, and was now in partial seclusion somewhere near by. Now that he was gone, his followers who at one time were speech challenged had now found their voices, and were now speaking out on various issues. Where once they were tongue tied they were now tongue applied. There was no stopping their tongue wagging exuberance to finally voice their opinions, now that their gag happy boss was gone. Or as somebody supposedly said: “Now that the big fat cat has gone away, the political mice have come out to play.”

Now they are playing at politics on the opposition benches, while the new ruler spouts his “sunny ways” and “real change.”  Meanwhile, the country is going to pot, and Marijuana is going to be legalized. The judges are on a constant high on the highest court in the land and they issued an ultimatum to the government that a new law must be brought in so that people could be legally killed if they so desired. The elected politicians scurried and hurried to carry out the commands of the unelected, politically appointed, members of the judiciary and formed a committee to make sure this judicial bill to kill would be in place and carried out. Nonsenseland was constantly living up to its name and some people in the land would soon die under the new “assisted” killing rules. In fact it was reported that a judge had given permission for a man to be killed, and that, “The court also ruled the coroner did not need to be notified given that the cause of death was deemed to be his disease, not the lethal drugs he was given” One wonders is this not a case of a coverup of a criminal act by those in positions of power? But hey, in Nonsenseland anything goes!

Another controversy had erupted in the land over billion dollar arm sales to the biggest human head chopping removers in the world. This contract had been approved by the previous government of the dour dictator. Now Sunny Boy, the smiling new leader was defending his government’s support of this contract with the bloody human head removers. He reportedly said that, “he needs to preserve the sanctity of government-approved contracts.” Still, he declared, Nonsenseland believed in the “rule of law.” And its values and principles would not be lost in the shuffle of appeasing the human head choppers. Some people thought perhaps: This is just a one off blunder, amongst many heads lost. Or just a silly pun on no more talking heads.

Still, Sunny Boy, the new head of Nonsenseland was bringing refugees into the country, a nice compassionate move. Unfortunately, when he was in opposition, he had along with the other former leader of the country and most other politicians’ voted to bomb another country that never invaded Nonsenseland. That country was now in hellish chaos and a haven for terrorists, and bloody civil war was raging there. Therefore, one might argue the new leader is now “helping” refugees that he and other politicians helped to create.  Oh well, this is Nonsenseland where the bizarre is acclaimed and hypocrisy is “normal.”

On another matter, the head police force of the country was having a bit of a scandal too, and it was reported that there was, “unwanted sexual touching, bullying and rampant nudity in the workplace” this had supposedly taken place in a law and order environment. Another report said two police members “were reportedly fond of posing completely nude on each other's desks in a purported effort to shock each other; they also allegedly simulated oral sex in the office.” This bizarre behaviour had been reported by conscientious police members, but not much had been done about it, until it was reported in some media. Still, some police have been known to march in parades of the prideful in some cities, as have political leaders and other politicians. Some marchers have been totally naked and nobody had been charged. So is all this; just law and disorder, oops I mean law and order, at “work?” After all, this is Nonsenseland, so is there really a problem? Why should cops be charged with lolling naked on their desks? Why discriminate? Perhaps the land’s “Human Rights Commissars” will have to get involved and help out the police. Or should normal policemen and women who do their duty have to put up with this nonsense in Nonsenseland?

This same police force has reportedly cleared a number of unelected senators in their alleged expenses scandal, where they had been accused of misusing tax-payers funds. Some of the senators it was reported had repaid their expenses. So “alls well that ends well,” and thank goodness for that. Where would Nonsenseland be, without unelected appointed senators to help pass legislation, unelected appointed judges to dictate to politicians, and elected politicians to carry out the orders of the unelected, and punish and tax the masses? Oh well, at least the country has a “living tree” in the Charter of Righteousness, so the country is “going green.” This then, is how “democracy” works in Nonsenseland.  So what could be better than that?

“There is no nonsense so gross that society will not, at some time, make a doctrine of it and defend it with every weapon of communal stupidity.” - Robertson Davies

Stephen J. Gray
March 20, 2016.

More on Nonsenseland at links below:

Monday, March 14, 2016

The Inhumane War Criminals

Refugees and their children are living in tents
In wet and muddy ground without a cent
They fled and ran, from all the bloody wars
Created by well dressed “honourable” political whores

These unfortunates once had homes, and a job too
Now they have nothing. What can they do?
They are herded like cattle behind razor wire
The war criminals in charge set their countries on fire

They are refused entry into many lands
They are war refugees from the blood soaked sands
Victims of “respectable” gangsters in positions of power
These profiteering war criminals profit by the hour

There is no justice and not much compassion
For those that are casualties of “respectable” assassins
These killers of children reside in luxury accommodations
Some host magnificent dinners for other associate nations

While they eat and gorge themselves on food
They are protected and cosseted by a security brood
They are the so-called “leaders” of society today
While their uniformed flunkeys hold refugees at bay

Has the system been corrupted and justice too?
Is the many controlled, by the unscrupulous few?
Whatever happened to ethics and lofty principles?
Is society ruled by inhumane war criminals?

Stephen J. Gray
March 14, 2016.

Links of interest below:

Sunday, March 13, 2016

The Lies, Treachery, and Madness of Militarism

“I never intend to adjust myself to the madness of militarism.” - Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

“Some officers in the Canadian Forces tried to raise concerns early on in the war that removing Gadhafi would play into the hands of Islamic extremists, but military sources say those warnings went unheeded. Later, military members would privately joke about Canada’s CF-18s being part of ‘al-Qaida’s air force,’ since their bombing runs helped to pave the way for rebel groups aligned with the terrorist group....” David Pugliese, Ottawa Citizen, March1, 2015.

According to the above information, Canadian ‘bombing runs helped to pave the way for rebel groups aligned with the terrorist group....’ in Libya. In fact, some members reportedly had a “joke” about it. Bombing and invading another country’s sovereignty is a serious and hellish business, and results in loss of innocent lives and destruction and devastation of that country and its cities. This should be no joking matter. Now some “Western support” is “helping” the refugees that it created in the first place. And here in Canada the government and opposition at the time, and some of them still in politics today, voted to bomb Libya in an “illegal war.” Does it get more hypocritical than that?
 In fact I believe it could be called, The Rule and Roles of Dangerous Hypocrites.”

“The Western leaders and media stay silent about the military intervention and regime change, interventions that have torn the refugees’ homelands apart and resulted in civil war, state collapse and extremely violent conditions lasting for long periods.” James Paul, September 16, 2015.

Libya is now in chaos and reportedly a breeding ground for ISIS. An article by Jon Lee Anderson in The New Yorker of August 4, 2015, headlined, “ISIS Rises in Libya” stated:

“Only five years ago, Libya was a source of stability in the region, as Muammar Qaddafi entered his fifth decade in office. In February, 2011, after a short, heady uprising inspired by the ouster of Hosni Mubarak, in Egypt, Libyan rebels based in Benghazi ousted Qaddafi’s security forces and effectively liberated the eastern half of the country. In March, as Qaddafi’s military forces appeared poised to retake Benghazi, NATO intervened with air strikes and Tomahawk missiles. The U.N. authorized the intervention after British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy lobbied in favor of it on humanitarian grounds; after showing some reticence, President Obama agreed to commit U.S. military power.”

The power of the military was used to destroy a “staunch ally” in Libya, despite the fact that, The Ottawa Citizen of April 23, 2011 had this headline, “ DND reports reveal Canada's ties with Gadhafi
The article went on to say: “Western politicians have labelled Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi a despot and a brutal dictator, but Defence Department reports portray him in another way -as a staunch ally in the war against al-Qaeda and Islamic extremism.”

Other governments were also in bed with Gaddafi. An article in the Huffington Post by Ben Hubbard of 09/03/2011 11:05 am ET | Updated Nov 03, 2011 Headlined,
“Moammar Gaddafi's CIA Ties: Documents Suggest Libya And Washington Worked Together” The article stated:

“The CIA and other Western intelligence agencies worked closely with the ousted regime of Moammar Gadhafi, sharing tips and cooperating in handing over terror suspects for interrogation to a regime known to use torture, according to a trove of security documents discovered after the fall of Tripoli.
“The revelations provide new details on the West's efforts to turn Libya's mercurial leader from foe to ally and provide an embarrassing example of the U.S. administration's collaboration with authoritarian regimes in the war on terror.”

Another article in Global Research of March 10, 2015, by Eric Draitser had the headline , “Washington’s Al Qaeda Ally Now Leading ISIS in Libya” the article went on to say:

“The revelations that US ally Abdelhakim Belhadj is now leading ISIS in Libya should come as no surprise to those who have followed US policy in that country, and throughout the region. It illustrates for the umpteenth time that Washington has provided aid and comfort to precisely those forces it claims to be fighting around the world.”
The article further stated:
“While it may not seem to be a major story – Al Qaeda terrorist turns ISIS commander – the reality is that since 2011 the US and its NATO allies have held up Belhadj as a ‘freedom fighter.’”

I believe, NATO and its allies are up to their dirty bloodstained necks in cahoots with “terrorists.”  Unfortunately, the “war correspondents” in the Canadian corporate monopoly media do not expose this treachery. I believe the depredations of this taxpayer funded military machine could be called, “The Numerous Affiliated Terrorists Organization (NATO)”

There is overwhelming evidence that not only the NATO war in Libya, but also the wars in Iraq and Syria and other countries were planned and plotted by powerful villains in positions of power. This conspiracy has resulted in: “The 21st Century WAR CRIMES: Millions Dead, Millions of Refugees, Soldiers Dead and Maimed, Countries Destroyed, Children Contaminated, and the War Criminals are FREE.”

People everywhere need to wake up. If these war criminals have no compunction about being in bed with terrorists and invading other countries under the pretext of “bringing democracy” while at the same time being in bed with dictators. Then we, in the so-called “democracies” could be next to be violently “liberated.” Because when war criminals rule; the “rule of law” becomes perverted, and the lies, treachery, and madness of militarism takes over.

“We have to ask ourselves how it can be that the world’s worse criminals—people responsible for the death and displacement of millions of peoples—occupy high office...”
Paul Craig Roberts. The Unz Review, March 9, 2016.

Stephen J. Gray
March 13, 2016.

Articles of interest at links below:
“The Bidding War”
 “In June, 2010, the subcommittee released a report, titled ‘Warlord, Inc.,’ which concluded that U.S. government funds were likely going to the same people who were killing American soldiers. According to the subcommittee, the military had known about the problem for at least a year, but, Lindsay told me, ‘absolutely nothing was done.’” Matthieu Aikins,
March 08, 2016 "Information Clearing House" - "New Yorker"...
[read more at link below]

“US-NATO intervention was allegedly undertaken on humanitarian grounds, after reports of mass atrocities; but human rights organizations questioned the claims after finding a lack of evidence....”
Ellen Brown, March 13, 2016
[read more at link below]
Thursday, 05 February 2015
“Establishment’s Libya War Lies Unravelling”
Written by Alex Newman
“As a result of the propaganda and subsequent war, meanwhile, Libya has now become a terror state infested with ISIS, al-Qaeda, and more....”
[read more at link below]

Saturday, March 12, 2016

The Marketing of Murder in Canada

Murder is coming to Canada. It has been “legally” sanctioned by the country’s Supreme Court. The court’s decision giving an ultimatum to the government of the day that this be done within a certain time frame could be called, “A Supreme Killing Decision.”

The politicians scurried to please their judicial masters and set up a killing committee to decide how this immoral and murderous behaviour could be done.  A number of normal people, recognizing that this disgusting declaration could be a danger to everybody in the country, spoke out. They said, “The Not-withstanding Clause in the Charter of Rights must be used to stop this dictatorial and obscene decision.” Unfortunately, the leader of the land at that time did not appear to have the courage to use this safeguard, nor did the other leaders in parliament either and this is how “Compulsory Killing Comes to Canada”

Thinking people must surely wonder how the Supreme Court of the land can officially pervert the law and open up the country to state-sanctioned murder, and why a majority of politicians would agree with this “respectable” insanity. But hey, when killing people has to be made respectable, the language has to be perverted. Therefore these judicial imposed atrocities had to be marketed “properly.” So the immoral acts were described in most of the media as “physician assisted death.”  “Medical assisted suicide” was another “nice” phrase, as was “assisted dying.” One journalist, though, did describe the real meaning of what was going to be done and said this about the “report”:

Journalist Thomas Walkom with the Toronto Star reported on February 28, 2016 that “The nub of the report is a recommendation that would amend the Criminal Code to let physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners and pharmacists — under special circumstances — kill people.

“Those being killed would be required, in writing if possible, to request their own deaths.” Source:

A country that proposes killing as a solution is surely degrading itself and destroying any morals and ethics it might have. Once “legalized killing” starts, it could advance into all parts of society: Killing for peoples’ organs, killing for inheritances, killing of the unwanted, killing of “useless eaters” and on and on this compulsory evil could progress.
I believe our country is now in a state of ruling madness, and descending ever deeper into the mire of “approved” insanity. Where will it all end and what will be the next “landmark decision” handed down from the “respectable” monsters of madness? For to paraphrase an old saying,

“A country the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad.”

There is no doubt that those who would kill under the banner of “law and order” are, I believe, suffering from some type of madness. How else can one describe this lunacy in a land that boasts a Charter of Rights and Freedoms where the marketing of murder is about to be inscribed in law and the criminal code of Canada subverted to permit murder?

Stephen J. Gray
March 12, 2016.

Monday, March 7, 2016

The Numerous Affiliated Terrorists Organization (NATO)

“I think that NATO is itself a war criminal” – Harold Pinter

NATO is made up of war gangs from a number of countries. These countries tax their people to pay for the collective “services” of NATO. The “new” headquarters of NATO is in Brussels.

“The construction costs for a new Nato headquarters in Brussels could soar by as much as 25 per cent presenting a bill to the British taxpayer of over £150 million at a time of national defence cuts.
“The construction consortium building a state-of-the-art HQ for the Western Alliance has run into financial difficulties that could push the bill for the building up to a total of over €1.25 billion (£1bn).” Bruno Waterfield, The Telegraph, U.K. 21 January, 2014.

NATO members are paying for this “state-of-the-art” palace with their peoples’ tax dollars. Governments change but NATO goes on its “military way” bombing, blitzing and illegally invading countries and wherever it goes it creates refugees. This could be called “The NATO-rious Member War Machine That Produces Refugees”

Even as it produces refugees, misery and death, NATO members have also been known to help terrorists:

“Elements of al-Qaeda and other Islamic extremist groups were known to be key players in the NATO-backed uprising in Libya from the beginning, but now it appears that prominent Jihadists and terrorists are practically leading the revolution with Western support.”
The New American August 30, 2011.

Still, NATO not only helped out the terrorists in Libya, but one of its NATO members, Turkey, is reportedly helping ISIS in Syria:

“... Turkey has played a leading role in fomenting the unrest in Syria since the very beginning of the uprising against the rule of Bashar al-Assad in 2011. Turkey has aided, abetted, and funded ISIS by keeping its southern border open with Syria, allowing radical jihadists from Europe to cross back and forth from ISIS-controlled territory, thereby enabling them to return to Europe to plot and execute such attacks as were recently carried out in the French capital.”- James Carden, The Nation. November 24, 2015.

There is something seriously wrong when NATO, an organization funded with massive amounts of taxpayer dollars, continues to support not only Turkey but other supposed “allies” that are reportedly up to their dirty necks in funding, training and arming terrorism.

“A declassified secret US government document obtained by the conservative public interest law firm, Judicial Watch, shows that Western governments deliberately allied with al-Qaeda and other Islamist extremist groups to topple Syrian dictator Bashir al-Assad.”  Nafeez Ahmed

One would think that the corporate monopoly media would be asking hard questions of various war ministers, oops, I mean defence ministers, as to why their taxpayer-funded war machine called NATO is in bed with, and helping, terrorists. Surely this is treasonous acts? These ministers should know what is happening; and if they don’t know, they are incompetent and should not be in public office. Another question, why are the taxpayer-funded “spy agencies” not reporting this treachery? Are they, too, in bed with the terrorists? This raises the question, Is this “The Modus Operandi of a Monstrous Evil”?

Huge amounts of compulsory taxpayer dollars are literally being burned up by this military monstrosity called NATO. Ordinary people are losing their jobs; food bank use is increasing; refugees are in the millions; countries are destroyed; cities are reduced to smoking rubble; civil wars rage in various countries and this bloody war machine is building a billion dollar palace in Brussels. Is there “No Austerity for NATO and its ‘Political Warriors’”?

I believe these “political warriors” in expensive suits, who don’t fight should be, along with NATO, put on trial. I also believe they have literally been getting away with creating monstrous atrocities in a number of countries. They have, in fact, created hell on earth. Therefore, I ask this question based on overwhelming evidence: “Should the Past and Present Leaders of a Number of Countries Be Charged with Conspiracy, War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity, and Funding, Training and Arming Terrorists?”

Stephen J. Gray
March 7, 2016.

Links of interest below:
NATO Reconsidered
NATO is harbouring the Islamic State

Friday, March 4, 2016

Punished For Being Alive

They flee from their countries because of hellish wars
Their cities and homes destroyed by warmongering curs
Some drown in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea
Those who make land have nothing and are not really free

They are punished and ridiculed for being alive
Tear gassed and beaten, and just trying to survive
Refused entry to some countries, that bombed their lands
They are helpless refugees from the bloodstained sands

Their children are crying and some are tired and sick
No homes, no food, no future, victims of war lunatics
Mad men in power that destroyed their peaceful world
Well dressed criminals with “democracy” banners unfurled

One politician even called these unfortunate people “swarms”
Surely this war monger should be berated and scorned?
Is he a loud mouthed political fool, supposedly of the “upper class”?
Is he an ignorant and stupid “man,” and a noisy braying ass?

Is there no justice for these wretched people?
Where will it end, and what will be the sequel?
Should the war criminals who caused all this misery
Be paraded in prison uniforms in front of a jury?

Should the profiteers of all this obscene warring bloodshed
Be punished for the bombings and the hundred of thousands dead?
Should compensation be paid to the victims who survive?
Will there be justice for the refugees, punished for being alive?

Stephen J. Gray
March 4, 2016.

Links of interest below:
[Refugee camps]